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History and tourism

From ancient times for the region were the most important trade routes - the Silk Road from China to the Mediterranean and Europe, as well as trade route connecting the western and northern countries with India.
In the valley of the river Zarafshan there was one of the oldest civilizations on earth - Sughd civilization. The valley served as a corridor through which was a dialogue of cultures, communication of the East and the West.
On the territory of Navoi region along the road Samarkand - Bukhara is extant brick building Rabat Malik (King's discount), dated 1078g. and bred in an era karahonidskogo ruler Shams al-Mulk.






Near the complex Rabat Malik is one of the unique facilities for the storage of rainwater - Sardoba . It is a depression in the ground cylinder tank of relatively large size (diameter about 16 yards), blocked by high-stepped dome. It is composed of burnt brick tile enlarged size on the waterproof solution Kyrgizistan. They were built where there was no natural sources, often on the caravan routes, one of the trails of the Great Silk Road just passed through the territory of modern Navoi region.






Sarmish - Sarmish gorge is in the direction of the southern slope of Tau, 30-40 kilometers north-east of the city of Navoi in Navbakhor area.
In the valley Sarmishsay concentrated many different monuments of antiquity: rocks, pointing to the studio, mines, settlements, wheelbarrows, burial sites and stone inscriptions, leading back to the Stone Age, Bronze Age, Early Iron Age, Middle Age and Modern Times. These monuments occupy a territory of 20 square meters, which is a single archaeological complex that embodies the history of many ancient and modern peoples of our country for thousands of years.
A collection of petroglyphs (rock carvings) Sarmishskogo Valley provides a unique archive a large collection of ancient documents, which include a variety of information in the form of images carved on the rocks, and about the life, history and culture of our ancestors who lived in the Zarafshan in different periods, ranging in ancient times.

In Sarmishcae left 4,000 petroglyphs. The main part of the petroglyphs were carved out of the mouth of the sai (small river), this is the beginning of a narrow stone canyon length of 2-2.5 meters. The drawings are made on the vertical and horizontal planes, sometimes on the outside of the sand stone Kambriyskkoy era, flaky shale limestone. Petroglyphs near the place of burial and sacred sites of the nomads. Since ancient times, this area was the spiritual area, which came to hold ceremonies and religious holidays.











Ancient Chashma complex with a mosque and mazar, ikryaschimsya covered with snow. Chashma - a place of pilgrimage of believers and one of the most important religious centers of Islam in the region. The complex of religious buildings Chashma (Chashma - spring - Tajik word) includes a spring, well, the Juma Mosque (Jammu and Chilsultun), Mazar-Nur Ata, a cad (bath).
According to a local legend, supposedly 40 thousand years ago, a meteorite fell here, who has studied the light. At the crash site crater and scored a wonderful source of water which has medicinal properties.






The water temperature in the holy Nurota constant source - 19.5 degrees. In water research specialists found 15 minerals, including gold, silver, iodine and bromine. Due to the presence of water does not deteriorate silver even during prolonged storage. Contained therein bromo calming effect and contributes positively to the human body with nervous disorders, moreover, it cures the disease and gastro-intestinal tract.









Fortress built by Alexander the Great, one of the oldest and most significant archaeological sites in the region. "Shahristan Nurata (the ancient settlement was called Nur), measuring about 500 × 500m, was surrounded by a strong wall with towers. The entrance is in the middle of the north wall. In the south wall is almost rested on the rocks. Strengthening Nura adjacent to the spring. The fortress extends from north-west to south-east. The south wall is reinforced 4 round and semi-circular towers. In the eastern half survived the rise, where the walls are partially visible. The northwestern part of the most allowed. From the south-east tower departs corridor-building 130m long and 16m extension. It ends with a square watch tower measuring 26 × 26m. The length of the tower with a corridor - about 130m. "
The name of the great general of Alexander the Great and the associated construction of a unique underground water near Nurata - a system of qanats. Kariz - an ancient water pipe laid from the source to the consumer. Its length can reach several kilometers. After a certain distance from the surface VNISI sank wells serving for cleaning and monitoring of water distribution system.

There are many other types of tourism in the Navoi region: hunting, fishing, traveling by camel and recreation on the lake Aydarkul.
For information about the "natural and archaeological complex, open-air museum Sarmishsay"
In the period from 1970 scientists of the Institute of Archaeology of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan I. Gulomov W. Jahangir, M. Isokov, A. Kabiri carefully studied the history of the cultural heritage Sarmishsay. Achieved scientific results have been published in a variety of newsletters, catalogs, brochures and scientific textbooks, and are used as the primary source for the study of the history of our country.

Since 2002 , the Institute of Archaeology of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, UNESCO, as well as experts - scientists of the Directorate of Cultural Heritage of the Ministry of Environmental Protection of Norway (Anne-Sophie Hyugen and Knut Helskog) is carried out in collaboration research work Sarmishsay cultural heritage.

June 27, 2003 , the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Council on "Spirituality and enlightenment" of Uzbekistan, National Commission for UNESCO of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the National Fund "Uzbekmuzey" in cooperation with khokimiyat Navoi region conducted an inter-agency workshop on "Museums of Uzbekistan in the XXI century" in the historical museum of local lore of Navoi region. The minutes of the meeting of the inter-institutional seminar made the decision to organize "," Natural and archaeological complex, Museum Sarmishsay "on the basis of rare cultural relics of our country with five thousand years of history - petroglyphs Sarmishsai allocation for this museum complex jobs, prepare proposals to introduce petroglyph complex Sarmishsay the list of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. "

July 4, 2003 , addressed to the Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan H. S. Karamatova mezhdvedomstvennoe sent a letter № 01-10/320 on developing Sarmishsay.
The letter suggested that "as the cave paintings Sarmishsay are a major cultural heritage created by our ancestors, and to the reports it to our descendants, we consider it appropriate for the adoption of the laws in the relevant decision of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Organization of natural and archaeological museum the open air on the basis of the monument, and the preparation of documents for making "Sarmishsay" in the UNESCO World Heritage List. "

15-24 September 2003 , at an international conference held by UNESCO in Kazakhstan on "Monuments Rock Art of Central Asia: public participation, management, preservation, documentation," heard reports of scientists from Uzbekistan.

September 23, 2004 , the governor issued an order of Navoi region number 172 on the Navoi region in the international scientific-practical conference on "New methods of protection, study and management of natural and cultural heritage Sarmishsay."

September 23, 2004 adopted Resolution governor of Navoi region number 193 "On organization of natural and archaeological complex, Museum Sarmishsai determining the buffer zone of the museum and the regulation of the use."

08-16 October 2004 in the city of Navoi and in the gorge Sarmishsay with the National Commission of Uzbekistan for UNESCO, Ministry of the Republic of Uzbekistan for Culture, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan in cooperation with khokimiyat Navoi region held an international scientific -practical conference and field workshop on "New methods of protection, study and management of natural and cultural heritage Sarmishsay."

June 4, 2005 in the city of Tashkent held by the International Foundation for Ecology and Health EKOSAN exhibition on the theme: "National Parks in Uzbekistan, eco-tourism and sustainable development", an exhibition of photographs of petroglyphs natural and archaeological complex, Museum Sarmishsay .

20-24 March 2007 , at the festival of national museums, held in Ferghana region before the celebration of the 2,000 th anniversary of the city Marghilan an exhibition of photographs of petroglyphs natural and archaeological complex, Museum Sarmishsay.

05-12 February 2007 years to create a film entitled "Between Two Rivers" Uzbektelefilm survey was undertaken of natural resources and cultural sites in natural and archaeological complex, open-air museum Sarmishsay. Created film was shown on television Uzbekistan.

16-19 April 2007 years to create a film on the theme: "Where the footprints of St." Uzbektelefilm survey was undertaken of natural resources and cultural sites in natural and archaeological complex, open-air museum Sarmishsay. Created the film was screened Uzbekistan on television.

22-26 May 2008 , at the festival of national museums, held in Tashkent before the celebration of 2200 anniversary of Tashkent, an exhibition of photographs of petroglyphs natural and archaeological complex, Museum Sarmishsay.

26-31 May 2008 in the city of Bishkek, the Kyrgyz Republic in the international scientific conference organized by UNESCO on the theme: "Petroglyphs of Central Asia - introduction of a system of cross-border World Heritage list of candidates," the presentation of natural and archaeological complex , Museum Sarmishsay.

June 2, 2008 , the Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan RS Kosimova letter was sent to the National Commission of Uzbekistan for UNESCO number AI-179/08.
The letter said that on April 17-19 this year in the city of Navoi was an international scientific-practical conference on "New methods of protection, study, and management of natural and cultural heritage Sarmishsay", and was requested to provide practical support in the implementation of adopted Conference participants solutions.

In October 2009 , on the basis of the project of the creative team of the magazine "ZhannatMakon" Fund Forum for training rooms dedicated to the Navoi region, along with the materials of the architectural work carried out in the field, the material has been prepared for natural-archaeological complex, Museum-Reserve Sarmishsay.

17-21 April 2010 , the creative team of LLC «Terra Group» to create a movie about mnogiz istoricheskh architectural monuments of our area, interesting shots were taken on the basis of natural and cultural monuments and archaeological complex, Museum Sarmishsay.

In April-May 2010 by a group of companies "Uzbektelefilm" to create a film about the rock paintings Sarmishsay were conducted survey on the basis of natural and cultural monuments and archaeological complex, Museum Sarmishsay. Demonstration of the film is scheduled for September 3 in 12-15 nights on international television.

In May 2010 under the leadership of the regional administration in collaboration with the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan, on the basis of modern, advanced experience of the international museum studies, as well as applicable laws, started the preparation of the project of construction of tourist base and residence in the territory of the natural- Archeological Complex, Museum Sarmishsay. According to the project to build the bridge began organizational work for the construction of roads and buildings.

06-10 September 2010 in the city of Samarkand, in collaboration with UNESCO scheduled for scientific and practical conference on the topic of scientific research, the perpetuation and propagation of rock paintings in Central Asia. September 8 appointed visit participants in the Navoi region for the study of natural and archaeological complex, Museum Sarmishsay.

Since 2004 on a regular basis foreign and domestic travelers visiting the natural and archaeological complex, Museum Sarmishsai they are services of the museum.

3-5 May 2013 on the site of the tract Sarmysh International Festival will be held under the auspices of Asrlar Sadosi FondForum R.Uzbekistan.

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